Yaba Addiction Destroying Young People

 Drug Addiction  Comments Off on Yaba Addiction Destroying Young People
Aug 172017
 

Oishee Rahman from Bangladesh was addicted to yaba. In 2013, at 17 years of age, she committed a horrendous crime.

Concerned about the state of their daughter, Rahman’s parents not only confined her to their Dhaka apartment but also took away her phone. Angry at the treatment, Rahman put sedatives in her parents’ coffee. Once asleep, she then took a kitchen knife and stabbed them to death.

Rahman locked her younger brother in the bathroom then asked a friend to pick her up. Later, she turned herself in and confessed to the crime. She was sentenced to death in 2015, but that was commuted to life in prison in June 2017 on account of her age and mental health.

In Bangladesh, many are already anxious about yaba use among the young. A 2014 report by the Department of Narcotic Control found that 88% of drug users were below 40 years of age. A study in the city of Sylhet in 2017 found that 55% between the ages of 22 to 29 were drug users.

Rahman’s case caused many to claim that the drug twisted her mind.

What is Yaba?

Yaba looks like candy tablets and come in different flavors and bright colors. Its components are methamphetamine, caffeine, and other non-active bulking agents. Taking the drug creates a really high level of rushing energy, one of the reasons many use it to stay up late into the night.

The drug first appeared among the elites of Bangladesh, the very group that many in the country aspire to be like. According to the (DNC), yaba “became a symbol of smartness, fashion and aristocracy.”

The R7 is the most popular yaba pill in Bangladesh, and according to the Dhaka Tribune, it can cost up to 900 taka ($11). However, it is not the most expensive, that goes to the “Controller” which can cost up to 2,000 taka ($25). The cheapest option, called “Pink Champa”, costs around 300 taka ($3.7).

Why Did it Flourish in Bangladesh?

The exact cause can’t be pinpointed due to the lack of data, but a few reasons can be surmised. For one, Bangladesh has certain characteristics that make it an attractive place for organized crime.

Drug gangs in the neighboring country of Myanmar switched from making heroin to yaba in the late 90s because it didn’t depend on opium harvests, which could be unreliable, and the small attractive package made it easier to smuggle.

When the borders in China and Thailand were tightened, the gangs looked for a new route, and Bangladesh proved to be a good option. The country has busy ports and penetrable borders; it also helped that it was a lucrative market itself.

Bangladesh also shares a border with Myanmar’s Rakhine state, site of the Rohingya refugee crisis. With rising corruption, the area is proving extremely difficult to police.

Is there a Way to Help Yaba Addicts?

According to the DNC, there are five treatment centers run by the government. In 2015, the World Health Organization reported that there are also 68 private institutions in the country.

While these institutions do provide the help addicts need, many of those who sought treatment have also relapsed.

Rehab is definitely a solution to yaba addiction, but it is not the only answer to being sober. A former yaba addict cites the support of his family as a major factor in his recovery. He also adds that addicts also “have to want to give up.”

 

 Posted by at 1:35 pm

Philippine President Duterte Says Bullets Better Than Drug Rehab

 Drug Addiction, News  Comments Off on Philippine President Duterte Says Bullets Better Than Drug Rehab
Apr 112017
 

Rodrigo Duterte, the president of the Philippines, has slammed the European Union for criticizing his bloody war against drugs and suggesting that drug rehabilitation is the right solution.

There have been 8,000 drug-related killings since Duterte became the country’s president in June 2016. The police have assumed responsibility for more than 2,500 of these deaths, which isn’t surprising since Duterte encourages police officers to shoot if they feel their safety is threatened. He has stated in many interviews that he stands behind the authorities, noting that he will “accept the consequences” for officers who have killed drug offenders who resisted arrest.

Police insist that the remaining 5,500 or so killings were made drug gangs who wanted to silence their members and/or sought revenge for unpaid goods. However, many local and foreign human rights groups believe that the police were behind these mysterious deaths.

The rising extrajudicial death toll has prompted the EU, which is one of the country’s largest trading partners and provides it with tariff benefits, to step in. The Union proposed a health-based approach to the Philippines’ drug problem and promised to provide financial aid for drug rehabilitation projects. The bloc stated its support for the fight against drugs but asked the Philippine government to focus on drug barons and trafficking networks instead of targeting small-scale drug users. It also showed concern for the safety of senator Leila de Lima, who is one of the president’s most outspoken critics and has received serious backlash because of it.

Duterte did not agree with the proposal from the European Union and was angered by it. During an event with the Filipino-Chinese Chambers of Commerce & Industry, he called EU lawmakers “sons of bitches” and stated that he did not need the Union and the drug rehabilitation programs it recommended.

Duterte believes that people can enter rehab clinics, be given their choice of drugs (e.g. marijuana, cocaine, heroin, or methamphetamine), and walk out. This, in turn, means that Filipinos can “go there and consume every chemical until kingdom come, until they are crazy”, which makes them inclined to commit crimes like rape and homicide.

The Philippine president points out that the European Union should not complain about the bloodshed that was brought about by his war on drugs, considering that millions of Europeans have died in the last two world wars. He urges the EU to trace their history and remember that they “also washed [their] hands with blood”.

His allies echo his sentiments. Philippine senate president Aquilino Pimentel accused the EU of trying to micromanage the country’s internal affairs. Chief presidential legal counsel Salvador Panelo that the bloc should “mind their own business” and not “interfere with the judicial processes” of the country.

During his campaign, Duterte’s main message was that he would wage war on drugs if he would be made president and that he would make the country drug-free within the first six months of his presidency. Half a year after he ascended into office, he asked for an “extension” of another six months, revealing that he initially did not recognize just how big the country’s drug problem was and that he needed more time to solve it.

 

 Posted by at 2:16 pm

Drug Addicted Newborns

 Drug Addiction  Comments Off on Drug Addicted Newborns
Sep 072016
 

Among the many issues regarding the rising drug abuse problems in the US, neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) has been one that has been making headlines today. As described by medical experts, NAS is a cluster of symptoms a newly born baby shows from withdrawing from drugs the mother used during pregnancy. In Tennessee, there seems to be an epidemic of this condition, as a substantial number of newborns have become tangled in the complex web of opioid addiction. According to recent official data, already 485 newborns in the state have been diagnosed with NAS this year.

newborn-crying

Neonatal specialist at Niswonger Children’s Hospital, Dr. Des Bharti, said that infants who are born with NAS could also be addicted to certain drugs, ranging from anti-depressants to narcotics, and the condition is sometimes difficult to treat after birth. These babies are then admitted to a hospital and would typically stay there for as long as 3 weeks, where treatment can cost more than $45,000 per child.

Commenting on this, Bharti said, “Our basic idea of admitting them to the hospital here is to treat them with the medication or without medication and make sure they are comfortable and stable at the time of discharge. When we do treat them with drugs, our idea is to bring them to a state where they can be managed at home.” However, it is important to note that some cases are more difficult to treat than others.

The number of infants born with NAS in Tennessee has increased eleven folds since 1999, according to reports, ranking the state as having the highest percentage of NAS births in the country. Now, efforts have been made to address the issue, with medical professionals, like the Sullivan County Health Department health nurse Joy McLain, stating that the task is not easy.

As you can see, Sullivan County is one of the most heavily affected areas in the state. McLain stated that the medical community has been doing their best to fight the growing epidemic in the area over the last 2 years, with the health department helping the community through schools, churches, anti-drug coalition programs and methadone clinics to educate women about pregnancy and NAS. Now, such efforts seemed to have paid up, with recent data showing the epidemic growth rate to be slowing down from last year.

McLain added that a big contributor to the epidemic is the culture and belief that “everything can be fixed with a pill”. While changing culture is no easy feat, she is hopeful that the continuous efforts to fight addiction, combined with proper communication and communal understanding of the problem, will see even better results in the next few years. She said, “Addiction is one thing that isn’t picky about who it chooses. It crosses all socioeconomic barriers, so it’s something that we all have to participate in the discussion.”

It is important to note that communication with health professionals will be the key in helping pregnant women struggling with substance abuse deal with their problem and in fighting NAS.

 

Reference

http://www.johnsoncitypress.com/Local/2016/07/31/Drug-addicted-newborns-Our-most-vulnerable-victims-of-prescription-drug-abuse.html?ci=featured&lp=4&ti

 

 Posted by at 9:57 am

Where to Get Help for Prescription Drug Abuse

 Drug Addiction  Comments Off on Where to Get Help for Prescription Drug Abuse
May 192016
 

One of the serious health problems in the US is the abuse and nonmedical use of prescription drugs. The numbers won’t lie, as there are 52 million people who take prescription medications for non-medical reasons. Those under this group are young people, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) survey entitled Monitoring the Future.

Senior high school students are found out that 1 out of 12 use prescription pain reliever called Vicodin for nonmedical use. Meanwhile, 1 out of 20 students were found to abuse OxyContin that makes these medications highly abused by adolescents.

 

Side-Effects of Abusing Prescription Drugs

Prescription drugs such as stimulants, opioids, and depressants may lead to various adverse health effects which include addiction. However, prescription drug abuse may differ in according to age and gender, among other factors. The sad thing about this is that the deaths due to unintentional overdose of prescription drugs such as opioid painkillers quadrupled as of 1999. In fact, it has allegedly outnumbered those that involve cocaine and heroin addiction.

 

Prescription Drug Abuse Treatment Methodology

When referring a child to a treatment center, it is important to know what to look for. This is due to the fact that not all treatments are designed equally. According to the NIDA, choosing a program must involve treatment methods that have strong scientific evidence. Additionally, it is crucial to note whether it has customized treatments to the individual needs of a particular patient. One good example is to look into the background and history of the patient with drug abuse.

Likewise, it is important to note that when choosing a treatment program must use a combinational approach on therapy. This must be able to address the detoxification and the continuing treatment of the patient.

 

Role of the Family in the Treatment Process

The NIDA also encourages the families of the victim to consider substance abuse to be tantamount to chronic disorders including asthma and heart disease. For this reason, it is essential to keep the connection to the community since a local support group is important.

Drug Abuse as a Social Issue

According to the NIDA director, it is difficult to determine the greater impact of prescription drug addiction if the social issues of the individual aren’t given any attention. For this reason, it is best to address substance abuse as a disorder from the perspective of the whole person.

Research on Early Warning Signs

The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse is focused on researching to uncover the link that exists between behavioral traits and substance abuse. This will eventually provide parents with the essential warning signs to avoid getting their children to addiction.

It is also their effort to determine if the treatment methods being used works or not. Hence, it is their responsibility to inform healthcare providers and individuals regarding their findings.

Moreover, the National Institute of Health provides resources that should fit adults, children, and young adults who are suffering from prescription medication abuse. This can be done with the use of diagnoses, tests, medications, and similar options for therapy.

 

Reference

http://www.cnn.com/2016/05/10/health/iyw-prescription-drug-abuse-how-to-help-health/

 

 

 Posted by at 10:14 am

Getting to Know Your Addiction – MDA (Sally) and MDMA (Molly)

 Drug Addiction  Comments Off on Getting to Know Your Addiction – MDA (Sally) and MDMA (Molly)
Feb 112016
 

When Stone Temple Pilots’ long-running front act, Scott Weiland gave in to drug overdose, it got many people grieving and thinking.

Grieving because Weiland was a music legend, and although he was no longer part of the STP band and was touring with a new group at the time of his death, he’ll forever remain STP’s famous lead singer.

Thinking because not many people know MDA – a drug better known as Sally, Sass or Sassafras. So what is MDA aka Sally? It might be better to described as the drug alongside its sister drug, MMDA aka Molly.

 

Similarities between Sally and Molly

  1. Both Sally and Molly release the chemicals serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine.
  2. Both act as reuptake inhibitors (RI) – they inhibit the brain from stopping the flow of serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine chemicals and increase neurotransmission.
  3. Short-term effects of both drugs include nausea, diarrhea, lowered appetite, vomiting, and feelings of wellbeing.
  4. Long-term effects of both drugs include anxiety and depression.
  5. Both drugs cost about the same on the streets.

 

Differences between Sally and Molly

  1. MDA or Sally often comes in a pill form, while MDMA or Molly usually comes in powder form.
  2. Sally is more stimulant and more hallucinogenic than Molly. Molly is more psychedelic.
  3. Sally may cause erectile dysfunction, which is less or not observed with Molly.
  4. Sally is more visual high, while Molly is more lovey high.
  5. Sally’s effects lasts longer (up to six hours).

 

Dangers of Addiction to Sally or Molly

Like other harmful drugs, addiction to any of these two drugs brings psychological and physical dangers, which may eventually lead to death. Some people exhibit adverse reactions to both MDA and MDMA drugs. These include loss of consciousness, panic attacks, faintness, seizures, and high blood pressure.

The drugs are likely physically addictive, and users may need to take more dosage the next time around to get the high they wanted. Some people develop tolerance to the drug over time, hence the likelihood of physical addiction.

In another aspect, both Sally and Molly can cause chemical imbalance in the brain, resulting to several mental problems including anxiety, depression, insomnia, and memory loss.

 

Drug Addiction and Rehabilitation

Kicking drugs off your system entails a great deal of commitment and determination. Scott Weiland had been in and out of rehab since the 90s at the height of his career, and many fans at some point lost hope of him coming out clean for good. That time, it was heroine. Sadly, two decades after, he died overdosing on a more complex drug, MDA aka Sally.

Every one of us needs help at some point in our lives. Acknowledging you need help is the first step to being well and living clean. Rehabilitation provides a controlled treatment process designed to help those with substance abuse problems to work out a healthy and drug-free life. Drug rehab is usually tailor-made to the patient’s unique circumstances, offering a more customized approach. Get help. Live clean. Find out how your local drug rehab center can help you today.

 

 Posted by at 4:21 pm

Part of the Brain Responsible for Addiction

 Drug Addiction  Comments Off on Part of the Brain Responsible for Addiction
Sep 102015
 

Scientists have identified the insular cortex as the portion of the brain that could be vital in getting people to stop smoking as well as treat other kinds of addiction.

Based on the results of two studies, researchers found that smokers who suffered a stroke in the insular cortex were more likely to quit and experience withdrawal symptoms that are fewer and less severe compared to those who have had strokes in other parts of their brain. The findings of these studies were published in Addiction and Addictive Behaviors.

Lead author Amir Abdolahi said: “These findings indicate that the insular cortex may play a central role in addiction.” The research Abdolahi conducted was done when he was a doctoral student at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry.

Abdolahi, now at Philips Research North America, said that “When this part of the brain is damaged during stroke, smokers are about twice as likely to stop smoking and their craving and withdrawal symptoms are far less severe.”

Currently, the frontline prescription drugs – such as buprion and varenicline – being used treat tobacco dependence. These drugs target mainly the “reward” pathways of the brain by meddling with the release and binding of dopamine in the brain in response to nicotine. Although these drugs achieve their intended effects, they aren’t real guarantees for quitting. In fact, they have high rates of relapse.

The insular cortex, which is a central region of the brain, may also have a vital role in the cognitive and emotional processes facilitating drug and tobacco use, according to recent studies.

Researchers involved in the addiction studies tested this theory. They tried to determine whether smokers with a damaged insular cortex were more likely to quit smoking. To do this, they looked at tow different set of indicators: did patients resume smoking after a stroke and how severe their craving was for cigarettes when they were hospitalized.

For the study, 156 stroke patients were involved. These patients were identified as active smokers and were admitted to three hospitals. MRI and CT scans were used to determine the location of the stroke for each patient.

The patients were then divided into two groups: those whose stroke occurred in the insular cortex and those whose stroke happened in another part of the brain.

Researchers then measured the level of smoking withdrawal of these patients while they were recovering in the hospital. Now, hospitalization does require patients to refrain from smoking for a certain amount of time. This was the kind of environment ideal for the measurement of how severe a patient’s withdrawal symptoms were.

Results of the study showed that patients who had a stroke in the insular cortex had less severe, as well as fewer, withdrawal symptoms compared to those who had a stroke in other areas of the brain.

The patients involved in the study were further monitored by the researchers for three months in order to determine whether they had taken up smoking again or not. The results? 70% of those who suffered a stroke in the insular cortex quit smoking compared to 37% of those who had a stroke in another part of the brain.

 

Reference

http://www.financialexpress.com/article/lifestyle/health/brain-region-that-plays-central-role-in-addiction-identified/132440/

 

 Posted by at 3:04 pm

Robin Williams’ Struggle with Addiction

 Drug Addiction  Comments Off on Robin Williams’ Struggle with Addiction
Aug 252014
 

The announcement that Robin Williams had passed away spread shock waves around the world. He was one of America’s favorite comedians and rightly regarded as a national treasure. His manic energy combined with his lighting fast wit and comedic timing made him unlike any comedian before or since. The world became a different and much funnier place when Williams burst onto the scene in the late 1970s and his passing left us with a big hole to fill in terms of his comedic genius.

However, as shocking as his death was, it could not be considered complete unexpected given his past, well-publicized struggles with depression, alcohol and drugs. Williams had developed a reputation early on in his “Mork & Mindy” days of being a hard partier which developed into addictions that would plague him off and on over the remainder of his lifetime.

The Beginning of Williams’ Career

In the late 1970s, Robin Williams burst onto the national scene thanks to his appearances on a short-lived revival of “Laugh-In”. While the show itself was cancelled fairly early, Williams’ manic energy and full throttle comedy caught the attention of ABC who quickly cast a guest appearance on “Happy Days” and then created “Mork & Mindy” around his talents.

Williams partied hard and quickly developed an addiction to cocaine and alcohol. It was in 1982 when Williams was greatly affected by the death of John Belushi who died from a combination of heroin and cocaine. Williams quit cocaine cold turkey along with alcohol and he remained sober for the next two decades. A big part of Williams’ stand-up routine was dedicated to his addictions and he shared his struggles with the world.

The Turn of the 21st Century

After over 20 years of being sober, Williams was riding high on his highly successful career which included four Oscar nominations and winning Best Supporting Actor for “Good Will Hunting”. However, in 2006 Williams admitted on an interview with “Good Morning America” that he had fallen off the wagon and he admitted himself to rehab for alcohol addiction. He stated that his returning to his old ways was very gradual and that it would be something to be mindful of for the rest of his life.

In 2009, Williams had heart surgery to replace his aortic valve, something that is common with those who abuse alcohol and drugs. In addition, Williams had a family history of heart disease and his doctor believed that his past abuse was not a contributing factor. Robin Williams admitted during his following live engagements that he was drawing his comedy from his “drinking, divorce and open heart surgery”.

By 2014, the illnesses that Williams had seemingly kept at bay came back into his life again when he checked into rehab in early July. Although he said it was precautionary, Williams had suffered a number of career setbacks with his TV series “The Crazy Ones” being cancelled, his movie, “The Angriest Man in Brooklyn” going nowhere and the financial pressures of his two divorces putting him in deep trouble. Finally, it was revealed after his suicide that he was in the early stages of Parkinson’s Disease.

For now, it appears that his death was attributable to a combination of factors, but his addictions certainly played a role in ending what was an absolutely extraordinary life.

 

External Related Link

http://www.ibtimes.com/robin-williams-drug-problems-alcohol-cocaine-addiction-punctuated-brilliant-actors-early-1655640

 

 Posted by at 8:32 am

Addicts Grieve Loss of Addiction

 Drug Addiction  Comments Off on Addicts Grieve Loss of Addiction
Jul 152014
 

This may sound counterintuitive, but most addicts do actually grieve the loss of their addictions. What once comforted them and took up great parts of their lives is now gone. Of course not only do addicts grieve the loss of their addictions but what they have been losing out on because of their addictions.

According to Psyche Central, “Filled with doubts but motivated by hope, the recovering addict may be disappointed to find that they may feel even worse for a while. Having to face emotions that have long been repressed and take stock of the losses brought on by their addiction, the recovering addict may be filled with grief, anger and bitter regrets.

“Grief is a universal emotion that can arise any time a person loses someone or something they value. For many addicts, unresolved grief, loss or trauma contributed to the addiction, and those feelings get compounded in early recovery when the addict gives up drugs or alcohol and begins to see all that they’ve lost to their addiction.”

 

 Posted by at 3:34 pm

Krokodil Drug Use Spreading in United States

 Drug Addiction  Comments Off on Krokodil Drug Use Spreading in United States
Dec 162013
 

Krokodil is an opiate with the scientific name desomorphine and is spreading across the United States at an alarming rate. Like all opiates, Krokodil stimulates the reward center of the brain and one big side effect of the drug is that it will cause users skin to rot away. It is estimated that 1 million people in Russia are addicted to Krokodil and now this drug has made it’s ways to U. S. shores.

According to CBS News, “More cases of Krokodil use are reportedly popping up around the United States, prompting some medical professionals to warn that the addictive, poisonous drug has reached American shores …

“It doesn’t help that the drug is easy to produce at home with codeine, gasoline, paint thinner and a few other ingredients. Codeine is sold over-the-counter in Russia, and addicts can easily purchase these items necessary to cook the drug.

“The finished product isn’t purified and may contain toxic substances left over from the cooking process, which cause tissue damage to the veins and flesh and can result in gangrene, or body tissue that rots and dies. The drug got its nickname — which means crocodile in Russian — for the green, scale-like spots abusers develop after shooting up. The average user dies within two to three years after starting to use the drug.”

 

 Posted by at 4:46 pm

Heroin and Cocaine Treatments Work in the UK

 Drug Addiction  Comments Off on Heroin and Cocaine Treatments Work in the UK
Mar 062013
 

A recent study shows that heroin and cocaine treatment is working in the UK, reducing users and reducing trips to rehab. Since the National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse (NTA) has been tracking the number of cocaine and heroin users in Great Britain, the number has now fallen below 300,000 for the first time ever.

According to the Guardian, “The number of heroin and crack cocaine users in England has fallen below 300,000 for the first time, according to the new figures published by the National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse (NTA).

“The decline in the use of the most harmful drugs comes as the NTA claims that its drug treatment programme, which reaches 63% of heroin and crack cocaine users, has prevented an estimated 5m drug-related crimes a year, such as burglary, shoplifting and robbery.”

In 2001, the UK government expanding funding for drug treatment as an anti-crime measure. And the results that are now in is that this has worked in reducing crime and reducing those addicted to these two hard drugs.

 

 Posted by at 2:04 pm